汽车知识中英文介绍——automobile introduction in Chinese and English【中英文对照】

发布日期:[10-12-15 21:47:17] 浏览人次:[]

ing the various steps of the process: prep, primer, blocking, and the final spray job and detailing. Taken as a while, it seems like an insurmountable hurdle, but each step by itself takes no more than a couple of days.

1、 准备工作 Preparation

1) 拆下车上所有的饰品,保险杠,反光镜,车身护栅和其他在喷漆时需要拆下来的东西。

Strip a car of all its trim, bumpers, mirrors, grille, and other items that need to be removed.

2) 在使用洗涤剂和蜡油混合的油漆清洗剂清理完车身之后,先用DA(双重轨道空气喷沙器)来清理车身上残留的旧漆。

After thoroughly cleaning the car with detergents followed by a wipe-down with wax and grease remover, the work starts by sanding down the old paint with a dual-action (DA) orbital air sander.

2、 底漆、补土 Primer, Blocking

1) 在打磨焊缝和钣金整形后,应该形成一个毫无裂缝的车身。再罩上一层薄薄的树脂系油灰更使车身表面完美无暇。

After grinding the weld and some hammer-and-dolly work, the result was a solid, seamless repair. This area will get just a very thin coat of plastic to get the surface perfect.

2) 很小的锈迹,仅仅针眼大小。但是这些针眼往往很快使油漆或补土起泡,因此不能仅仅用补土盖住针眼了事。

The small rust areas exhibits only minor pinholing through the surface. These pinholed areas will blow out paint or filler in a short time, so don't be tempted to just cover them up with body filler.

3) 可以用切割轮打磨掉突出的粗大焊缝。用切割砂轮对准焊缝打磨,但要避免磨得太薄。

A cut-off wheel is useful for grinding back any excess welding buildup at the tacks. The thin cutting wheel can be focused precisely on the weld beads to avoid unnecessary thinning of the sheetmetal.

4) 表面上的小瑕疵只要刮平就可以轻易修复。再用一块塑料板把补土涂抹均匀。

Minor surface flaws are easily fixed with a skim of filler. Apply the filler smoothly with a plastic spreader.

5) 一般的补土料质地粗糙,会使漆面上起泡。最后的步骤用丙烯酸釉填充表面的裂缝。

Regular filler has a fairly coarse texture, and is subject to leaving pinhole-size bubbles. The final step of the filling process is to use acrylic glazing compound to fill minor surface flaws.

6) 遮蔽是一项很重要的工作。我们用1000英尺长,3英尺的遮蔽纸和足够用于整车的遮蔽带来将遮蔽工作做好。底盘下面很容易喷得过多,唯一的方法是用帘子遮住,防止喷涂得一塌糊涂,同时,各个板上也要贴上遮蔽带。认真做一次遮蔽工作需要6到8小时,并且在最后一道漆喷漆前,需要再一次遮蔽。

Masking is an important step in getting a quality job. We bought a 1000 foot roll of 3 foot wide masking paper and enough autobody masking tape to do the job right. The under chassis is also vulnerable to overspray, and the only way to avoid a mess below is to build a curtain all the way around the underside of the car, taping it to the backside of various panels. A good masking job takes six to eight hours, and will need to be redone before the final paint is applied.

3、 喷漆 Spray

1) 我们用Valspar 环氧树脂底漆刷第一层底漆。我们也可以用其他底漆,但是环氧树脂密封良好性能稳定。

For the first primer co

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